3. UNDERSTAND THE FIELD OF VIEW
You can choose to go one of two ways when taking a photograph: you can take a wide angle shot in order to capture as much as possible in your scene, or you can use zoom lenses or macro lenses to focus on a narrow or small portion of the entire scene.
For instance, you could be at an event, such as the Geneva Motor Show (for argument’s sake). Inside the massive arena, you could go to one of the galleried landings and take a photograph that takes in a large portion of the arena with many different car stands and people milling about. Or, while up there, providing you’ve got a long enough zoom lens, you could zoom in on a specific aspect, such as a particular car.
With each photographic situation, you’re providing those who view your photos with a different perspective. You’re playing about with the field of view, either to show as much as possible of the environment you’re in or to exclude as much as possible in order to focus on a small selection of things or a specific detail.
4. UNDERSTAND COMPOSITION
There are two techniques that can help you with improving how you compose your shots, which will go some way to improving your photographs.
The first technique is known as the rule of thirds. To understand this, imagine that the frame is split into nine rectangles, made by two sets of horizontal lines and two sets of vertical lines, evenly spaced across the frame. These lines will create four points where the horizontal and vertical lines cross paths, and the idea is that your images will look better if you place interesting or important subjects in your frame at one of these four points.
The other technique involves a similar process, but in this instance you’re splitting the frame into four boxes to create four quadrants, giving rise to the name of this technique: power quadrants. The idea here is that you place your key subject in one of the four quadrants, and for some reason, this can help to make a photo more interesting than if you were to try and center your subject within the frame. Try it.